Experts affirm that the lack of water is not only caused by climate changes but as well by the poor management of existing water resources in water-intensive industries.
All food industries, from agriculture to meat producers, face a huge water consumption; for example, it takes around 88 liters of water to produce 2 kilos of white sugar.
Textile industry is one of the most water-intensive globally. The Water Footprint Network, in cooperation with UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) and the IHE (Institute for Water Education) have calculated a consumption of around 2866 water liters to produce a pair of jeans. Water is mostly used during the “wet machining” process and while dyeing the fabric.
Even the automotive compartment faces a considerable use of water: it takes around 39.000 liters to produce a familiar vehicle.
In recent years, these industries have become far more aware of their negative impact on global water supply. The World Resources Institute, which is an organization focused on sustainability and resources management, states that over a billion people live in regions where there is lack of water and up to 3.5 billion people could find themselves the same situation by 2025.
For those water intensive industries the solution is very complicated. Global agriculture industry, to give an example, has to plan the food supply for a constantly raising population, with 9.7 billions forecasted by 2050.
To face all these issues, in the last years there has been an explosion of the available sources. For instance, the World Resources Institute is one of the organizations that are cooperating with governments, businesses and local authorities to develop better water managing strategies, designed to benefit both business and the planet. A range of tools for water measurement, water metering, footprint and life cycle assessment are also available.
At last, there are more studies focused on creating new systems for environmental integration and sustainability. ONU has designed several systems using natural eco-systems to manage the water resources.
Elettrotec is investing in resources, in Research&Development and in a structural transformation, being aware that green energies are not just a good deal, but necessary for a better future.
Not only is clean technology a must in respect of future generations, but it is a great way to do business. Green technology is an expanding market.